World Sickle Cell Day 2021:
World Sickle Cell Day is celebrated every year on 19 June. This year this day will be celebrated on Saturday 19th June i.e. today.
The first declaration of World Sickle Cell Day was officially announced in the year 2008 in the United Nations General Assembly, then every year 19 June was celebrated as International Sickle Cell Day. This day Sickle Cell Disease Day is celebrated to raise awareness about its treatment measures and to get effective control over this disease across the world. Let us tell you that the first National Sickle Cell Day was celebrated in the year 2009.
Sickle cell disease is mostly seen in people who live in these countries such as Africa, Caribbean islands, Central America, South America, India, Saudi Arabia, and Mediterranean countries but also within this country Turkey, Greece And sickle cell disease affected people who live in Italy.
World Health Organization (WHO) reports suggesting that more than 3 lakh babies are born every year with severe forms of hemoglobin disease which include thalassemia and sickle cell disease.
Symptoms Of Sickle Cell Disease
The symptoms of sickle cell disease start showing as early as 5 or 6 months after the birth of the baby. Common signs and symptoms of this disease include these things.
🩸There is a pain in the body.
🩸Frequent bacterial infections,
🩸Swelling in hands and feet, anemia, vision problems,
🩸Weakness of bones and delay in reaching puberty or maturity.
Types of Sickle Cell Disease
There are mainly 4 types of sickle cell disease:
🩸Sickle Cell Anemia
🩸Sickle Hemoglobin-C Disease
🩸Sickle Beta-Plus Thalassemia
🩸Sickle Beta-Zero Thalassemia
Sickle Cell Disease Treatment
Sickle cell disease can be managed properly if this disease is diagnosed early and proper medical care is given. Such babies are given some vaccines soon after birth, including vaccines for pneumococcus bacteria and penicillin prophylaxis. In addition, folic acid supplementation is also a good source of this.
A person suffering from sickle cell disease requires lifelong medical support as the treatment of the disease requires antibiotics, intravenous fluids, regular blood transfusions, and sometimes even surgery.
World Sickle Cell Day 2021 Theme:
The theme of this day in 2021 is ‘Shine the Light on Sickle Cell’