Swami Vivekananda’s Full Biography
As everybody knows Swami Vivekananda was an Indian monk. He was born on 12 January 1863 in West Bengal. In childhood his name was Narendra Nath Datta. he was the main student of 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna. He became one of the best examples for the Indian philosopher because Swami Vivekananda was the key of Vedanta and yoga philosophies for the western world.
He was exploring Hinduism all over the world in the 19th century. He became a tool against the British to contribute to Indian national. Later Swami Vivekananda became the founder of the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission. Swami Vivekananda gave a wonderful speech in the Chicago of USA which started with the words of ” sisters and brothers of America ” these starting laters are known for the best speech of Vivekananda.
Early Stage of Swami Vivekananda’s life
In short Vivekananda swami’s nic name was Naren they were nine siblings as a traditional family and he born in the capital of British India which was known as Calcutta. His father’s name was Vishwanath Datta, his father was an attorney in Calcutta his court and the grandfather of Vivekananda was a Sanskrit and Persian specialist. Vivekananda swami’s grandfather left his home at the age of 25 years and he became a monk. The mother of Vivekananda was Bhubaneswari Devi she was a housewife.
The Narendranath was interested in spirituality from an early age. the attitude of Vivekananda in childhood was as a naughty and restless child his father and mother always used to struggle in controlling to him because of his naughty activities. The Vivekananda swami was the blessing of Shiva this was said by his mother Bhubaneswari Devi because they prated to lord shiva for Swami Vivekananda.
Education of Swami Vivekananda
In 1871, when he was 8 years old he enrolled himself in Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s Metropolitan Institution. he used to go to that school till the time his family went to Raipur in 1877. After 2 years his family returns to Calcutta then he became the first student who got the 1st division in the residency College entrance examination. Swami Vivekananda was interested in spirituality so used to read Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata, and the Puranas.
Narendra was taught Indian classical music and sports exercise. in 1884 he completed his graduation with a Bachelor of Arts, while studying philosophy, he also learned Sanskrit and Bengali literature. Swami Vivekananda was a sharp memory student.
Swami Vivekananda with Ramakrishna
Narendra met Ramakrishna in 1881, Ramakrishna became the spiritual focus for Vivekananda after dying Narendra’s father’s death. once the Vivekananda was preparing for the F.A examination when his guru means Ramakrishna was invited for a lecture. In this lecture, Narendra also came to listen to him so Ramakrishna asked to sing and Ramakrishna was impressed with this singing so Vivekanand was invited for Dakshineshwar.
In starting of 1882 Narendra went to Dakshineshwar with his 2 friends and met Ramakrishna. In this meeting, Narendra was not impressed with Ramakrishna even he was against Ramakrishna. but later used to go to meet Ramakrishna because of his good nature. in the starting time of Vivekanand was against idol worship, polytheism, and Ramakrishna’s worship of Kali at this time Narendra was a member of Brahmo samaj. Even Vivekananda said wasted to “identity with the absolute ” and rejected Vedanta.
Once upon a time, Vivekananda requested Ramakrishna to goddess Kali for their family’s financial welfare. Ramakrishna said to Narendra to pray this by himself and suggested to go to the temple. He went to the temple twice or thrice and failed to pray with the words but the time came when he preys on the true words. slowly and gradually Narendra grew and got understanding in goodness, this was the time when Narendra accepted Ramakrishna as a guru.
This was the time when Narendra’s guru got throat cancer and he transferred to Calcutta then Cossipur. Narendra and his disciples became the caretaker of those days for Ramakrishna, when Ramakrishna was feeling Nirvikalpa samadhi then his all the disciples received the ochre robes from Ramakrishna which was Ramakrishna’s first monastic order.
All the disciples were taught that the worship of God is the most effective in the world. Ramakrishna asked Narendra for caretaking all the disciples, and Ramakrishna wanted to see Narendra as their leader. Ramakrishna died on 16 August 1886 in Cossipore in the early of the morning.
First Ramakrishna’s Math at Baranagar
After the death of Ramakrishna, nobody was supporting their disciples so they found a new place for staying. After many days they found the place in Baranagar. the rent in Baranagar was low so disciples could afford them due to getting the “holy begging” This was the first math, all the disciples used to do spend many hours practicing meditation and religious austerities every day.
Death of Swami Vivekananda
Day of 4 July 1902 swami Vivekananda wake up early in the morning. As usual that day also he taught Shukla-Yajur-Veda, Sanskrit grammar, and the philosophy of yoga to pupils. At night 7:00 pm entered the room and according to the pupils, and he died while doing while meditating.