Know how your obesity can affect your bones and joints?
To avoid a physical condition like obesity, it is very important to do some exercise daily and follow a healthy lifestyle. If there is an imbalance in hormones and such a condition is being faced at an early age, then start treatment immediately.
Obesity is a harmful condition for the body. In this, an excess amount of fat gets stored in the body. Due to this, it becomes difficult to do physical activity and it is the cause of many diseases. Due to obesity in the body, there is a lot of pressure on the joints and bones. It also affects hormones and metabolism in the body, due to which inflammation can increase.
According to WHO, those people come under the category of obesity whose BMI is above 30. If BMI is above 25 then you are considered overweight. According to a 2016 study, 39% of people worldwide are obese. This number has increased by 75% since 1975. In the last two decades, there has been a lot of change in the dietary habits of the people. People are preferring to consume more things containing high fat and sugar. There is also a significant reduction in the physical activities of the people. It is because of these reasons that obesity is becoming a major problem. This problem is being seen increasing day by day and with the increase in obesity, the risk of heart diseases and deadly diseases like diabetes, cancer is also increasing. Let us know the effect of obesity on joints and bones.
Effects of obesity on joints
Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis are two conditions affecting the joints. Osteoarthritis is a joint problem that occurs with activities and age. Whereas Rheumatoid Arthritis is a type of autoimmune disease that affects the joints and other tissues. Obesity increases the risk of both these physical conditions and badly affects the joints.
Obesity and Osteoarthritis
Obesity affects the joints in two ways, physical and chemical. The mechanical overload caused by obesity increases the risk of cartilage degeneration that affects the knees and hips. The body’s fat tissue produces certain chemicals in the body, the effect of which is cartilage damage. It has been proved in research that increases the risk of OA increases the risk of joints of knees, hips, wrists, and hands.
Obesity and Rheumatoid Arthritis.
In this condition, there is damage to the joints and tissues of the body by cytokines. In obese people, fat tissue releases cytokines that cause inflammation in the giants. Obesity increases the risk of RA, which makes treatment less effective and joints are more affected.
Obesity and Bone Mass.
Osteoporosis is a loss of bone mass in which the bones become injured and the risk of fracture increases. Body fat increases bone mass. This increases the mechanical load in obese people and increases the production of estrogen in fat tissue. Thus obesity has been shown to have safer outcomes against hip fractures. Some studies have also shown that increased body fat reduces bone mass and increases the risk of fractures.